© Jo-Anne McArthur
web by Octopixs
SIGN UP!
Join our Mailing List
© Jo-Anne McArthur
web by Octopix
Kiska, an orca whale, lives in solitary confinement at Marineland, Canada. 2011.
We see animals in captivity. What is reflected back at us?
A fish with an illustration of his natural environment above the tank where he is held captive. Canada, 2009.
A harbour seal on display in a small tank. Canada, 2009.
A hippo living in small quarters at the Calgary Zoo, Canada. 2009.
"Entertainment" at the West Edmonton Mall, Canada. 2009.
The West Edmonton Mall, Canada. 2009.
In the wild, beluga whales swim long distances in pods. Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2008.
Beluga whales at the Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2009.
Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2009.
We take what is beautiful and, in captivity, make it depraved and grotesque. Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2009.
Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2009.
Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2009.
Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2009.
School children paying minimal attention to the beluga whales on display at the Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2009.
Penguins on display at feeding time in cramped spaces at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
On display at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
Human and non-human animals on display at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
Feeding dead animals to captive animals at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
Feeding dead animals to captive animals at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
On display at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
A small space for a frog at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
Humans and amphibians at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
A performance at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
An orca whale at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
Sea Life Park, Hawaii. 2012.
The performing theatre at Sea Life Park, Hawaii. 2012.
Dolphin in a small tank at Sea Life Park, Hawaii. 2012.
The Sea Lion display at Sea Life Park in Hawaii. 2012.
Performing. Hawaii. 2012.
Unsettling is the dolphin's natural environment, the ocean, just beyond her reach at Sea Life Park in Hawaii. 2012.
Sea Life Park, Hawaii. 2012.
Posing for a lasting memory with a captive animal. Sea Life Park, Hawaii. 2012.
The "swim with dolphins" tourist industry at Sea Life Park, Hawaii. 2012.
The "swim with dolphins" industry at Sea Life Park, Hawaii. 2012.
Captive for profit and entertainment. Hawaii. 2012.
Sting Rays in "touch tanks" at SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.
Captive turtles, living within meters of their home, the ocean. Cuba. 2009.
Aqua parks house other animals as well, such as these black bears who spend much of their day begging for treats from tourists. Marineland, Canada. 2011.
Further commodification of the animals in captivity.
Marineland, Canada. 2011.
Kiska lives alone in this barren tank at Marineland, Canada. 2011.
Beluga whales in a tank at Marineland, Canada. 2011.
Marvelling at their beauty up close, and learning that animals are not autonomous but ours to capture and confine. Marineland, Canada. 2011.
Marineland, Canada. 2011.
Marineland, Canada. 2011.
"Entertainment" at Marineland, Canada. 2011.
The "swim with dolphins" tourist industry is extremely lucrative. The Kahala Hotel "Dolphin Quest" experience in Hawaii starts at $125 per person for fifteen minutes. 2012.
The "swim with dolphins" tourist industry, taking place next to their natural environment, the ocean. Hawaii, 2012.
Dolphin Quest at the Kahala Hotel in Hawaii. 2012.
Each day, thousands of dollars are made from the captivity of these dolphins at Kahala Hotel in Hawaii. 2012.
Small barren tanks. The animals grow bored of the minimal enrichment, such as a plastic ball, that is given them. Marineland, Canada. 2011.
Vancouver Aquarium, Canada. 2008.
Merchandise.
Marineland, Canada. 2011.
All aquariums are too small. Cuba, 2009.
The best exhibit I've ever seen at an aquarium: a tank with paid and willing humans on display who entertain the crowds by holding their breath for extended periods. SeaWorld, Florida. 2011.