© Jo-Anne McArthur
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© Jo-Anne McArthur
web » alvaroramos.com
A calico fox. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
Young silver foxes with injuries. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
A fox cub with a dry food bowl.
A silver fox. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
A silver fox with a severe mouth disease. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
Arctic fox. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
A starving silver fox.
A silver fox.
A starving red fox at a fox and mink farm.
Emaciated red fox.
Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
A scared silver fox. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
During a farm inspection and animal seizure in Quebec, sick and starving foxes were sedates. Some were rehabilitated and given sanctuary, while others were too ill to survive and were euthanized.
A critically ill fox on a fox and mink farm is sedated and assessed. She was too sick to be rehabilitated and was euthanized.
A raccoon dog mother with her cubs. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
A raccoon dog with her cubs. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
A raccoon dog with her cubs. Photo: JMcArthur / The Ghosts in Our Machine
Investigators arriving at a mink farm.
High walls surround most mink farms, impeding the escape of animals.
Mink farm.
Mink farming.
A veterinarian during an SPCA fur farm inspection and seizure.
The inside of a mink farm.
The inside of a mink farm.
Mink crammed into a filthy cage.
Cages often go uncleaned for weeks or months. A mink paces back and forth in front of my camera in the foreground.
Mink farming cages.
Water bowls are often dirty and/or frozen in the winter months.
The mink are kept in small crowded cages. In the wild, they live along rivers and spend up to 60% of their time in water.
The law requires that nursing or pregnant mink have bedding such as wood shavings in their cages. At most farms, this minimal comfort is not provided.
Mink are ferociously territorial animals. The stress caused by close proximity to one another at fur farms leads to cannibalism and self-mutilation.
Close confinement leads to stress and cannibalism. Each of these mink has an injury due to fighting, and we see only the remains of another.
Close confinement leads to stress and cannibalism. Fighting leads to extreme injury, usually on the mink's faces and necks.
Kill.
Mink kits with their dead mother.
Injured mink kits with their dead mother.
Hundreds of mink carcasses are found in the forest behind a mink farm.
A "dead pile" behind a mink farm.
Lack of upkeep at a mink farm has lead to years of run off and stench, which the mink must endure and which contributes to pollution and algae growth in nearby water ways.
Filth piles up below the mink, with excrement sometimes reaching up to the bottom of the cage.
A dilapidated mink farm.
Mink are killed by gassing.
Under the health act, it is required that fur farmers properly dispose the bodies of animals they have killed and skinned. This farmer, however, has kept them all.
Log books and manuals at a mink farm.
Pelting equipment manual.
Pelting machine manual.
Log book.
Thousands of skinned and decomposing mink bodies.
Food, which is usually a mix of fish, animal bi-products and filler, is placed atop the cage wiring. This family of 10 are now 8. Deaths caused by fighting due to confinement is common at mink farms.
A lone male mink.
Mink farm.
Translated from Swedish, this reads ALF: WE ALWAYS WIN! The Animal Liberation Front has released tens of thousands of mink from fur farms across Scandinavia.
A once-prosperous fur farm now uses many of its empty barns as storage space. The farmer's business has suffered after several ALF raids.
Breeding record card on the forest floor.
Chain link and barbed wire fence surrounding a mink farm.
Empty cages at a fox farm after an SPCA investigation and seizure.